After the change of government, Sykes was promoted to the secretariat of the war cabinet in charge of Middle East affairs. In January 1917, although he had established a relationship with Moses Gaster, he began to meet other Zionist leaders; At the end of the month, he was introduced to Weizmann and his collaborator Nahum Sokolov, a journalist and executive body of the World Zionist Organization who had moved to Britain at the beginning of the war. [xiv] On the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the declaration in November 1947, in the wake of the Holocaust, public opinion outside the Arab and Muslim world supported the creation of a Jewish state. Even when the Royal Navy rejected Jewish refugees desperately trying to reach the Palestinian coast and Irgun terrorists and star gangs targeted the British, the Jewish population had reached one-third of the total. In the United States in particular, Zionists were seen as progressives who fought both British imperialism and its reactionary Arab laquists. In the early days of the Cold War, both the United States and the USSR supported this month`s UN plan to divide the country into separate Jewish and Arab states. It was rejected by the Palestinians because they refused to surrender to what they considered to be foreign settlers who had changed the country while ignoring them. It was another mistake, although understandable. Israel`s independence has become the catastrophe of the Palestinians – the Nakba – where half of the country`s Arabs have been displaced or fled. Arab Palestine was dispersed by Israel and Jordan. The UN decision would not have been taken without the British in November 1917. Balfour remains a slogan for the legitimacy of Zionism and for the misfortune it brought to the Palestinians. It is hard to imagine that this will change.
Finally, despite the agreement between Great Britain and France, which shared the influence of the region after the presumed defeat of the Ottoman Empire, British rule in Palestine – a land bridge between the crucial regions of India and Egypt – had been seen as a key post-war target. The text of the statement was published in the press a week after it was signed on 9 November 1917.  Other related events took place in a short period of time, the two most important being the almost immediate military capture of Palestine by Great Britain and the flight of the previously secret Sykes-Picot Agreement. On the military side, Gaza and Jaffa fell within days, and Jerusalem was handed over to the British on 9 December.  The publication, on 23 November 1917 and 26 November 1917 in the British Manchester Guardian, on 26 November 1917, was a dramatic moment for the Campaign of the Eastern Allies:  « The British were embarrassed, the Arabs dismayed and the Turks happy. »  The Zionists were aware of the contours of the agreement since April, and in particular the relevant part for Palestine, after Weizmann and Cecil met at a meeting at which Weizmann made clear his objections to the proposed regulation.  The Joint Foreign Committee of the Board of Deputies of British Jews and the Anglo-Jewish Association published a letter in the Times on 24 May 1917 entitled Views of Anglo-Jewry, signed by the presidents of the two organizations, David Lindo Alexander and Claude Montefiore. , must have the effect, throughout the world, of characterizing Jews as foreigners in their country of origin and undermining their position as citizens and nationals of these hard-beaten countries.  At the end of August, Edwin Montagu, an influential anti-Zionist Jew and Minister of Foreign Affairs of India and the only Jewish member of the British Cabinet, wrote in a cabinet memo: « Her Majesty`s government`s policy is anti-Semitic and will prove to be a source of anti-Semitic gatherings in all countries of the world.  Ian Black is the former Middle East editor and diplomatic editor of the Guardian.